It is the medical specialty that is responsible for preventing, diagnosing and treating systemic musculoskeletal and autoimmune diseases.
Musculoskeletal diseases affect bones, muscles and joints, as well as the tissues that surround them, and can cause pain, inflammation, stiffness, limitation of movement and deformity. On the other hand, systemic autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, Sjögren’s syndrome, scleroderma or dermatomyosotis, can affect any organ in the body, such as the kidneys, lung, skin, heart or brain.
Rheumatology, F. E. de. (s.f.). What is Rheumatology – Inforeuma. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from https://inforeuma.com/quienes-somos/que-es-la-reumatologia
It is one of the specialties that has experienced the most advances in diagnosis and treatment in recent years.