The Chiropractor’s Goal
Using specific manual techniques (referred to as adjustments), the chiropractor’s goal is to detect and treat disturbances in the dynamic relationships of the joints, anatomical or physiological – called subluxations – both in the spine and in the extremities, with the aim of restoring structural and physiological balance.
Subluxations of the vertebrae often do not produce immediate symptoms. They could be compared to dental cavities. We can all have subluxations and, of course, the sooner they are identified and treated, the better.
The only way to detect subluxations is through a meticulous physical-clinical examination that includes an analysis of the static and dynamic posture, palpation and various clinical tests such as x-rays, magnetic resonance, computerized tomography, SEMG’s, Ultrasound or other scans as required.
Once the subluxations have been found, the chiropractor rules out possible side effects, chooses the most appropriate adjustment technique and carries out the manual correction.
There are more than 150 chiropractic techniques for manual adjustment that are selected based on the treatment objective. At the same time, the selection must take into account the profile of the patient.
As well as specific techniques for spinal adjustments, there are adjustment techniques for the extremities: the hands, elbows, shoulders, feet, ankles, hips and jaw joints.
Approximately 90 of these techniques are taught in chiropractic universities, the rest in post-graduate seminars. In all cases, the technique of palpation is emphasised from the beginning.
The refining of the sense of touch is essential to identify differences in the tissue texture and possible misalignments and intervertebral movement. Each technique requires complex psychomotor skills that are acquired during many years of repetitive practice. However, the technical principles are the same and it is the application of each technique that is very personal.